Portland Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B16 9GD

0121 566 6565

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A Posse Ad Esse - From Possibility to Reality

History of the Academy

 

 Who was George Dixon?

George Dixon (1820 – 24 January 1898) was a councillor, Mayor, and MP in Birmingham.
The League resolved that a bill should be prepared for the next session of Parliament to give non-sectarian education to all children. After some political promises and compromise the Elementary Education Act 1870 (Forster's Act) was passed, meeting some of the requirements of the League, and the first School boards were elected. The League continued to campaign for a further seven years and elementary education (to age 12) eventually became free and compulsory in England and Wales.
 
Remembered as a major proponent of education for all children, he was born in 1820 in Gomersal, Yorkshire, and attended Leeds Grammar School. He moved to Birmingham in 1838 with his brother and joined Rabone Brothers, a firm of merchants. He became a partner in 1844 and rose to become head of the firm in which he remained all his life. In 1885 he married the sister of politician James Stansfeld, daughter of James Stansfeld, a judge in Halifax. Dixon entered local government as a councillor for Edgbaston in Birmingham in 1863. He was elected Mayor in November 1866.
 
In July 1867 George Dixon resigned office to become a parliamentary candidate for Birmingham after the death of William Scholefield and was elected MP on 23 July 1867. In 1885 he became MP for Edgbaston and continued in Parliament until his death in 1898.
 
Education for all, one of his first achievements as Mayor in early 1867 was a private conference he held in his house for the leading men of the town to discuss a possible remedy for the lack of education for children. In March a public meeting was held in the Town Hall where the Birmingham Education Society was formed along the lines of one created in Manchester and Salford in 1864. The society raised money to pay the school fees of some children, and raised awareness of the need. The Education Societies paved the way for the bolder and more political National Education League which started in Birmingham in 1869, chaired by Dixon, with support from Joseph Chamberlain (vice-chairman, later chairman of the executive committee) , R. W. Dale, Jesse Collings (honorary secretary of the League, and of the Education Aid Society), and William Harris.
The League resolved that a bill should be prepared for the next session of Parliament to give non-sectarian education to all children. After some political promises and compromise the Elementary Education Act 1870 (Forster's Act) was passed, meeting some of the requirements of the League, and the first School boards were elected. The League continued to campaign for a further seven years and elementary education (to age 12) eventually became free and compulsory in England and Wales.
One of Dixon's experiments was the creation in 1884 of Bridge Street Technical School in the old Cadbury's premises, bought by him, converted to a school at his own expense, and leased to the board at a nominal rent. It taught science and mechanics to 400 of the brighter boys for two years beyond normal school leaving age. This was a great success and was repeated in large towns across the country, and led to the Technical Instruction Act, which formalised the finance of this type of school.
In 1888 the technical school moved to occupy the Oozells Street Board School as the George Dixon Higher Grade School and included girls. Waverley Road Higher Grade School was created in Small Heath in 1892 for 555 children. Dixon was made an honorary freeman of Birmingham in 1898, the year he died. The 1906 George Dixon Schools (now George Dixon Primary School and George Dixon Academy) in Edgbaston are named after him. Indirectly, through the school, he gave his name to the television character Dixon of Dock Green, who first appeared in a film, The Blue Lamp produced by a former pupil there, Sir Michael Balcon.

 

James Dixon, the great, great grandson of George Dixon, recently visited the Academy. He has written a book about George Dixon and has set up a website about the book, see below for more information.